First published in 1987, ISO 9000 had the same framework as UK Standard BS 5750, with three models for quality management systems, the choice of which was dependent on the organisation’s scope of activities:
- ISO 9001:1987 Model- For companies and organisations whose activities involved the creation of new products, their quality assurance in design, development, manufacturing, implementation, and servicing.
- ISO 9002:1987 Model – For companies and organisations whose activities does not involved the creation of new products. The quality assurance model for manufacturing, installation and servicing was exactly the same as ISO 9001.
- ISO 9003:1987 Model – For companies and organisations whose activities in the final inspection and test included only the final inspection of the finished product and did not affect the manufacture of the product.
ISO 9000:1987 was also impacted by current U.S. and other requirements and was therefore well-suited for production. The focus appeared to be put on compliance with processes rather than the overall management process, which was possibly the real purpose.